Our Ophthalmology clinic is comprised of practitioners in each sub-specialty area. Whether you need a routine eye exam or a multidisciplinary approach to complex eye conditions, there is a team of specialists in our Department who will use the most advanced techniques to support your health care needs.
Eye specialists provide diagnosis and treatment of cataracts; medical diseases of the eye such as glaucoma, dry eye, macular degeneration, diabetic eye diseases and others; and general eye exams.
Cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye that affects vision. The lens is a clear part of the eye that helps to focus light or an image on the retina. The retina is the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye.
In a normal eye, light passes through the transparent lens to the retina. The lens must be clear for the retina to receive a sharp image. If the lens is cloudy from a cataract, the image you see will be blurred.
Most cataracts are related to aging. Cataracts are very common in older people. By age 50, the symptom of cataract disease begins to manifest in more than half of people. A cataract can occur in either or both eyes. It cannot spread from one eye to the other.
Causes of Cataracts?
The most common cause of cataract is aging (age-related cataract). As we age, some of the protein in the lens may clump together and start to cloud a small area of the lens, this is cataract. Over time, the cataract may grow larger and cloud more of the lens, making it harder to see.
Other causes include childhood infections, diabetes, trauma, uveitis (post inflammation of the eye), prolonged use of drugs like contraceptives pills, other steroids, amongst others.
Who is at risk for cataract?
The risk of cataract increases as you get older. Other risk factors for cataract include:
WHAT IS GLAUCOMA?
Glaucoma is the commonest cause of irreversible blindness which arise following the damage of the optic nerve (a nerve that connects the eye to the brain and responsible for vision). This damage usually occurs when the pressure in the eye is elevated or when the blood supply to the optic nerve is compromised even at normal eye pressure.
HOW COMMON IS GLAUCOMA?
Glaucoma is very common and said to be present in over three million people (children and adults) in Nigeria and with about a million of them already blind or with severe visual impairment.
WHAT CAUSES GLAUCOMA?
The cause of Glaucoma is widely unknown but it is found to usually run in the family and does not respect any age although more common among adults. Other causes though uncommon include chronic use of steroids, eye trauma, congenital anomalies and uveitis, amongst others.
WHO IS AT RISK OF GLAUCOMA?
You are at risk of having glaucoma if you belong to the following categories:
You are a black man
You are more than forty years of age (risk increases x2) although glaucoma can still occur in newborns, infants, teenagers and even young adults
You are short sighted (risk increases x2.5)
History of hypertension or diabetes
You have a positive family history of glaucoma or worse still a family history of glaucoma blindness (risk further increases x3)
You have been told to be a glaucoma suspect (risk increases much more x4)
HOW DO I KNOW I HAVE GLAUCOMA?
Glaucoma does not show any symptom in the early phase and hence progression of disease regrettably usually continues with the patient unaware of it. In some cases, total blindness in one eye may be the first symptom noticed and such blindness cannot be reversed. However, a few patients may notice poor peripheral vision and bumping into objects, difficulty in driving at night and frequent change of reading glasses. These symptoms are common in advanced stage.
WHAT DO I DO IF I AM AT RISK OF GLAUCOMA?
Regular check up by the Ophthalmologist who would carry out the following tests:
Dilated fundoscopy to assess the optic nerve and know the level of damage or if an OCT machine is available, it can be used for accurate and most reliable assessment of optic nerve damage
Measurement of the intraocular pressure
Gonioscopy test done to evaluate drainage of fluid through the eye
Visual field analysis (CVF) to assess how much you can see
Pachymetry to assess the central corneal thickness
These tests may be repeated frequently as prescribed by your Ophthalmologist at least once in a year.
WHAT DO I EAT TO PREVENT GLAUCOMA BLINDNESS?
Many people worry about the kinds of food to eat when they have glaucoma. Regular intake of vegetables, fruits and nuts are very helpful to the eyes but these must be taken in addition to the regular carbohydrate and protein diet.
DOES GLAUCOMA HAVE A CURE?
There is NO CURE for glaucoma but blindness can be prevented if treated early enough.
HOW CAN GLAUCOMA BE MANAGED?
YES, glaucoma can be managed by cooperating with your Ophthalmologist either with the use of different drugs, laser treatment or surgery. Your Ophthalmologist would decide which treatment is most appropriate for you.
WHERE CAN I SEE AN OPHTHALMOLOGIST?
You can find an Ophthalmologist in Lily Hospitals Limited.
Uveitis (pronounced you-vee-EYE-tis) is the inflammatory process that involves the uvea or middle layers of the eye. The uvea includes the iris (the colored part of the eye), the choroid (the middle blood vessel layer) and the ciliary body—the part of the eye that joins both parts. Uveitis is the eye’s version of arthritis. The most common symptoms and signs are redness in the white part of the eye, sensitivity to light, blurry vision, floaters, and irregular pupil. Uveitis can present at any age, including during childhood.
Uveitis is easily confused with many eye inflammations, such as conjunctivitis (conjunctival inflammation) or pink eye; keratitis (corneal inflammation); episleritis or scleritis (blood vessel inflammation in the episclera or sclera respectively); or acute closed angle glaucoma. These eye conditions can be challenging to diagnose for primary care physicians and even for many eye doctors. If the symptoms are not relieved with standard eye treatments, uveitis should be considered and patients referred to an uveitis specialist.
Phacoemulsification surgeries (use of ultrasonic technology) with foldable silicon intraocular lens implantation
Small incision cataract surgery (manual phaco) with intraocular lens implantation
Standard extracapsular cataract surgery surgeries with intraocular lens implantation
Tonometry (Intraocular pressure equipments including non contact tonometers)
Central visual field analyzer (CVF machine)
Pachymetry (corneal thickness assessment)
Optical Coherent Tomography (OCT)
Anterior segment OCT
Glaucoma counseling unit
Medical Glaucoma management
YAG laser trabeculoplasty (Glaucoma laser surgery)
YAG laser Iridotomy and pupilloplasty
Glaucoma filteration procedures and trabeculectomy
PEDIATRIC CLINIC AND SURGERIES
Pediatric cataract and glaucoma surgeries (anterior vitrectomy facilities)
Colour vision tests
Spectacle and eye glass dispensing (get your glasses within 2 hours)
Contact lens fitting
Low vision aids
In house fitting and repairs of frames and lenses
Home delivery of spectacles and contact lenses
ANTERIOR SEGMENT AND OCULOPLASTIC SERVICES
Destructive eye surgeries with ocular implants, conformers and artificial eyes implantation
Management of uveitis
COMMUNITY OUTREACH AND OTHER SERVICES
Subsidized community ophthalmic services (surgeries, glasses and eyedrops)
Free school eye screening
Pre-employment comprehensive eye screening
Eye screening for drivers license
Diabetic retinopathy treatment with intravitral injections (Avastin and Lucentis)
Retinal breaks treatment
Scleral buckling and cryotherapy
Retinal hemorrhages amongst others
A and B scan machines