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LILY EYE CENTRE

LILY EYE CENTRE

Appointment Days

Mondays - Saturdays

PATIENT’S CORNER

Common Eye Conditions

GLAUCOMA
WHAT IS GLAUCOMA?

Glaucoma is the commonest cause of irreversible blindness which arise following damage of the optic nerve (a nerve that connects the eye to the brain and responsible for vision). This damage usually occurs when the pressure in the eye is elevated or when the blood supply to the optic nerve is compromised even at normal eye pressure.

HOW COMMON IS GLAUCOMA?

Glaucoma is very common and said to be present in over three million people (children and adults) in Nigeria and with about a million of them already blind or with severe visual impairment.

WHAT CAUSES GLAUCOMA?

The cause of Glaucoma is widely unknown but it is found to usually run in the family and does not respect any age although more common among adults. Other causes though uncommon include chronic use of steroids, eye trauma, congenital anomalies and uveitis amongst others.

WHO IS AT RISK OF GLAUCOMA?

You are at risk of having glaucoma if you belong to the following categories:

  • You are a black man
  • You are more than forty years of age (risk increases X2) although glaucoma can still occur in newborns, infants, teenagers and even young adults
  • You are short sighted (risk increases x2.5)
  • History of hypertension or diabetes
  • You have a positive family history of glaucoma or worse still a family history of glaucoma blindness (risk further increases X3)
  • You have been told to be a glaucoma suspect (risk increases much more X4)
HOW DO I KNOW I HAVE GLAUCOMA?

Glaucoma does not show any symptom in the early phase and hence progression of disease regrettably usually continues with the patient unaware of it. In some cases, total blindness in one eye may be the first symptom noticed and such blindness cannot be reversed. However, a few patients may notice poor peripheral vision and bumping into objects, difficulty in driving at night and frequent change of reading glasses. These symptoms are common in advanced stage.

WHAT DO I DO IF I AM AT RISK OF GLAUCOMA?

Regular check up by the Ophthalmologist who would carry out the following tests:

  • Dilated fundoscopy to assess the Optic nerve and know the level of damage or if an OCT machine is available, it can be used for accurate and most reliable assessment of optic nerve damage
  • Measurement of the intraocular pressure.
  • Gonioscopy test done to evaluate drainage of fluid through the eye
  • Visual field analysis (CVF) to assess how much you can see
  • Pachymetry to assess the central corneal thickness
  • Gonioscopy test done to evaluate drainage of fluid through the eye

These tests may be repeated frequently as prescribed by your Ophthalmologist at least once in a year.

WHAT DO I EAT TO PREVENT GLAUCOMA BLINDNESS?

Many people worry about the kinds of food to eat when they have glaucoma. Regular intake of vegetables, fruits and nuts are very helpful to the eyes but these must be taken in addition to the regular carbohydrate and protein diet.

DOES GLAUCOMA HAVE A CURE?

There is NO CURE for glaucoma but blindness can be prevented if treated early enough.

HOW CAN GLAUCOMA BE MANAGED?

YES, glaucoma can be managed by cooperating with your Ophthalmologist either with the use of different drugs, Laser treatment or surgery. Your Ophthalmologist would decide which treatment is most appropriate for you.

WHERE CAN I SEE AN OPHTHALMOLOGIST?

You can find an Ophthalmologist in LILY HOSPITALS LIMITED and other specialist eye centers in your location.

CATARACT
WHAT IS CATARACT?

A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye that affects vision. The lens is a clear part of the eye that helps to focus light, or an image, on the retina. The retina is the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye.

In a normal eye, light passes through the transparent lens to the retina. The lens must be clear for the retina to receive a sharp image. If the lens is cloudy from a cataract, the image you see will be blurred.

Normal Vision
The same scene as viewed by a person with cataract

Most cataracts are related to aging. Cataracts are very common in older people. By age 50, the symptom of cataract disease begins to manifest in more than half of people. A cataract can occur in either or both eyes. It cannot spread from one eye to the other.

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