What you may not have known about a Physical Therapist.
Physiotherapy or Physical Therapy is a dynamic healthcare profession that is concerned with the development, promotion, preservation and restoration of optimal physical function by assessing, diagnosing and providing evidenced based treatments for various diseases, disabilities, dysfunction and impairments through the use of physical means. The professionals are called Physiotherapists or Physical Therapists (PTs).
A Physical Therapists undergo a period of training in a higher institution of learning and earns a degree (BPT/BMR PT.) or Doctor of Physiotherapy degree (DPT) to be licensed by a professional regulatory body to practice physiotherapy.
A Physical Therapist diagnoses and treats individuals of all age group from newborns to the very oldest that have health-related conditions that limit their abilities to function, move and enjoy life to its fullest.
What can physiotherapy do for you?
Your Physical Therapist can help you recover from injury, reduce your general body pains, alleviate joint stiffness, increase your speed of return to normal movement after a surgery or injury and decrease your dependence on people to move around (for the elderly). He/She can also help you prevent further injury by listening to your needs and working with you to plan the most appropriate treatment for your condition, including setting goals and treatment outcomes.
Physiotherapists often attend to patients having medical conditions in five areas to meet their needs within a hospital setting;
Neuro-physiotherapy– Lily hospitals has a state of act neuro physiotherapy rehabilitation unit which deals on managing neurological disorders affecting movement and functional abilities such as stroke, Parkinson disease, spinal cord injuries causing paralysis etc. Neuro-physiotherapy Interventions focus on muscle strengthening, re-education and coordination, restoration of fine and gross motor skills, improving your efficiency in carrying out independant daily functions, regaining strength and flexibility, learning how to perform safe transfers, restoring and improving gait and training in the use of mobility aids.
Paediatric physiotherapy – This deals with conditions affecting children’s movement and functional abilities, they are also treated by Physiotherapist. They attend to conditions such as erb’s palsy or weakness of one or both hands of a child from birth, cerebral palsy which results in the delay of development and movement in children, injection nerve palsy which commonly causes weakness of the leg as a result of injecting the wrong side of the buttocks etc.
Orthopaedic physiotherapy – This deals with medical conditions affecting the bones, joints and muscles that leads to unwanted pains, decreased participation in daily functions and inability to walk effectively such as osteoarthritis/rheumatism at the knee, hip, ankle, neck and lower back pain. Orthopaedic physiotherapist often provide post surgical rehabilitation for various joint replacement surgery and help to treat and prevent post fracture immobilization stiffness.
Cardiopulmonary physiotherapy – This deals with conditions affecting the heart, lungs and organs of breathing. Cardiopulmonary conditions respond well to physiotherapy intervention. Patients who have difficulty performing their activities of daily living, or who have shortness of breath and decreased endurance, can achieve markedly improved quality of life through guided exercise and resistance training. Intervention also includes manual therapy and exercise to help clear secretions in the lungs, counselling about risk factors, patient education to prevent future recurrence and behaviour modification. For those patients who have had cardiopulmonary surgery, physiotherapy is initiated early to prevent the patient from losing strength and function.
Geriatric physiotherapy- This deals with conditions affecting movement in elderly people and risking them to loss of independence.
What does Physical Therapist use to treat patient?
As essential participants in the health care delivery system, physical therapists assume leadership roles in the medical rehabilitation unit and use various physical agents and education techniques that are based on scientific research and theoretical facts published in medical journals to carry out their treatment. Here in lily hospitals, physical agents and patient education/counselling used in patient treatment are applied by combining the therapist clinical decisions making skills and patient goals of treatment with international guidelines and treatment protocols. Below are common modalities physiotherapists may use to treat you:
- Therapeutic exercise programs to improve mobility and strengthen muscles
- Exercises for promotion of physical fitness, weight control and general health well being
- Joint manipulation and mobilisation to reduce pain, improve blood flow and prevent stiffness
- Balancing training and muscle re-education to improve postural control
- Chest physiotherapy and breathing exercises to improve or maintain cardiopulmonary capacities
- Soft tissue mobilisation and therapeutic massage to induce relaxation, reduce swelling, etc
- Electrotherapy modalities e.g. therapeutic ultrasound, electromagnetic energy and rays, low and moderate frequency currents and direct currents for muscle re-education and musculoskeletal pain management
- Conductive heat and cold modalities for management of pain, swelling, stiffness and pain
- Assistive devices e.g. walking re-education using walking frames, crutches and splints
- Client/patient education and counselling
Advantages of Participating in Physiotherapy Treatment
The biggest advantage of physical therapy treatment is that it encourages your quick and safe return to your normal work after an injury and reduces your risk of having a reoccurrence of the same problems by educating you on proper life style and coping strategies to maintain your fitness and general well being.
Physiotherapy also reduces your dependence on drug for pain relief by using non toxic, and safe physical agents to relieve several musculoskeletal pains you may be suffering from. Book an appointment with our Physiotherapist today.
For further enquires, questions and concerns, contact or write:
Samuel Ugochukwu Jumbo (BMR. PT., MNSP, CRMFCE)
Department of Medical Rehabilitation,
Lily Wellness Centre,
Delta State, Warri,
Mobile: (+234)-9055-609070; (+234)-8066-338793