PAEDIATRICS

Paediatrics is a specialty in medicine that deals with the health, prevention, treatment and management of the medical conditions, illnesses and diseases affecting babies, teenagers, children and young people. It is not only concerned about immediate management of the ill child but also the long term effects on the quality of life, disability and survival of the child

Who is a Paediatrician?

Paediatricians are specialist medical doctors who are involved in the prevention, early detection, treatment and management of several medical conditions amongst children while working closely with the patient and their family to achieve this. They provide medical care for children who are acutely or chronically ill, they also provide preventive health services for healthy children by managing the physical, mental, and emotional well-being of the children under their care.
 
They help reduce infant/child morbidity and mortality, control the spread of infectious disease, promote healthy lifestyles for a long disease-free life and help ease the problems of children and adolescents with chronic conditions.
 

Paediatricians diagnose and treat several conditions among children which include:-

Injuries
Infections
Genetic and congenital conditions
Cancers
Organ diseases and dysfunctions
Developmental delays and disorders
Behavioral problems
Functional disabilities
Social stresses
Mental disorders including depression and anxiety disorders

Subspecialties in Paediatrics

Pediatric cardiology
Critical care medicine
Endocrinology
Gastroenterology
Hematology
Neonatal medicine
Nephrology

Paediatrics is a collaborative medical specialty because the Paediatricians need to work closely with other medical specialists and healthcare professionals and subspecialists of paediatrics to help children with problems.